Depending on cargo specific weight, various types of containers and flatcars are employed.
We own and operate about 24,500 flatcars of three types: 40ft, 60ft and 80ft., which gives us the flexibility to address any customer request and ensure efficient utilisation of our assets.
A 40ft flatcar offers the greatest flexibility because it can carry one 40ft or two 20ft containers and has a greater cargo weight tolerance compared to 60ft and 80ft flatcars. A 60ft flatcar can carry more railway cargo in containers than a 40ft flatcar, but has certain limits with respect to the weight of cargo in containers. An 80ft flatcar is predominantly used for transportation of two 40ft containers with light-weight cargo. It provides the maximum unit capacity and hence the maximum efficiency, but has certain weight limitations.
Asset Type and Description
Bearing capacity 60-75 tons
Provides the greatest flexibility in terms of container logistics
Bearing capacity 60-72 tons
Increase forwarding capacity on high traffic destinations
Most efficient for routes where substantial amount of light-weight cargo is transported
Best for import and transit routes
Flatcar Fleet Structure
In the process of our incorporation, we acquired predominantly 40ft and 60ft flatcars and no 80ft flatcars. Given the low share of 80ft flatcars in our fleet, we have been focusing our investment activities on increasing the number of 80ft flatcars, aiming to achieve higher fleet efficiency as 80ft flatcars have lower operating and maintenance costs per TEU transported than any other types of flatcars we use.
Fleet structure optimisation secures higher rates of railcar fleet capacity use by avoiding weight and size limitations for our transportation equipment on each particular rail cargo route.
Flatcar Fleet Age
The expected useful life of a new flatcar is 32 years. The useful life of a flatcar can generally be extended by 10 additional years by performing a complete overhaul of the flatcar. As a result of our fleet modernisation activities, we have reduced the average fleet age to about 15 years from more than 22 years.
We own and operate several types of containers. The majority of our containers are standard intermodal 20ft and 40ft ISO containers. We also operate specialised 20ft and 40ft containers (thermo-insulated containers, open-top containers and others). We also possess medium-duty containers (MDCs) of 3- and 5-tonnes capacity which are currently rented to Russian Railways to carry rail cargo.
- are the most widely spread in international trade
- are primarily used for transportation of light rail cargo like finished and semi-finished goods
- the bearing capacity is up to 30.5 tn.
- are flexible for routes with mix of heavy and light goods
- are primarily used for small size deliveries, heavy goods and high-value commodities
- the bearing capacity is up to 30.5 tn.
Other Container Types
- are thermo insulated 20ft and 40ft containers
- are used for transportation of liquid and semi-liquid perishable cargos such as juices, beer, wine, milk, etc.
- are manufactured In-house.
Specialised Containers and Container Fitting Systems:
- are tank-containers, open top containers, Flexitanks compatible with 20ft and 40ft fixing systems
- key railway cargo transported: grain, high-value bulk cargo, liquids.
Currently we own approximately 64,500 ISO containers, approximately 56 percent of our ISO containers were 40ft containers and approximately 44 percent were 20ft containers (by TEU capacity).
We are focused on acquiring 40ft containers to get closer to optimum container fleet structure defined by light/heavy container cargo mix in container traffic.
Specialised Containers and Container Fitting Systems
In addition to standard ISO containers, we own, handle and operate a variety of specialised containers and container fitting systems, which include thermos containers, refrigerator containers, tank containers, as well as flexi-tank container fitting systems and container fitting systems for bulk railway cargo.
Thermos containers are used for the transportation of liquid or semi-liquid perishable cargos, such as juice and beer, etc. Currently, our park of thermos containers consists of about 2,500 units, all of which were manufactured at our Shakhunya depot.
We operate our clients’ refrigerator containers, used for the transportation of perishable and frozen rail cargo. Our terminals are equipped with charging facilities for refrigerator containers.
We also operate tank containers which are used for the transportation of foodstuffs, chemicals and liquid cargos in partnership with DB Shenker BTT, specialising in the transportation of chemical cargos in tank containers between Russia and Western Europe.
In addition to specialised containers, we utilise container fitting systems such as flexi-tank and dry-bulk cargo container fitting systems. The flexi-tank container fitting system is a removable plastic bag that fits into a standard 20ft ISO container. It is used for the transportation of liquid cargos of up to 24 tons.
The dry-bulk cargo container fitting system is also a removable fence that may be affixed at the entrance of a standard 20ft ISO container. It is used for the transportation of railway cargo such as grain.